The castle is mentioned in written sources for the first time in in a letter from King Haakon to a church in Oslo. However, the letter does not mention how far the construction of the castle had progressed by then. The fortress has successfully survived all sieges, primarily by Swedish forces, including those by forces led by Charles XII in The siege was eventually broken by a local Norwegian army in a battle. This battle forms a major part of the plot of Sigrid Undset ‘s historical novel In the Wilderness, the third volume of her tetralogy The Master of Hestviken. Renaissance and Denmark-Norway[ edit ] In the castle was besieged again, this time by the Swedish king Karl Knutsson Bonde , but he had to lift the siege after a while. The castle was not besieged again until when Scottish soldiers in the service of the Danish king besieged the castle in order to regain it from the hands of the Norwegian nobleman Knut Alysson. After this siege the castle was improved and strengthened. In , during the Northern Seven Years’ War , the castle was besieged once more by Swedish forces, but the Danish king’s lord lieutenant, Christen Munk , responded by burning down the city in order to deprive the attackers themselves of the means of receiving supplies, and eventually the Swedes retreated. The immediate proximity of the sea was a key feature, for naval power was a vital military force as the majority of Norwegian commerce in that period was by sea.
There is a two stage application process. Due date for submission of pre-proposals to stage 1 was 12 September at Due date for submission of full proposals to stage 2 is 1 March at Submission of full proposals to stage 2 is only applicable for projects that pass stage 1 and become invited to submit full proposals. Applications must be submitted to the Research Council of Norway.
A guide to the submission system is available and can be downloaded.
Reception in Oslo city centre The Research Council of Norway wish to welcome all participants to an informal reception at the University of Oslo. Light refreshments and finger food will be served.
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